Programming Project 4 EE312


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General: In this project you will write an inventory and customer relationship management
(CRM) system for a hypothetical small company, Ellie’s Baby Emporium. Your program will
use the String abstract data type from class.
GRADING: you will be graded on producing the output precisely as documented. That
includes all punctuation, capitalization, spacing, spelling errors, etc. You will also be graded
on your program’s avoidance of memory leaks.
Summary of the task: When main.cpp is run, it reads input commands from a text file with
a specified format, i.e., a series of one-word commands and arguments for each command.
The required read function is provided to you. As each command is read from the input file, it
is parsed (code provided), and then each command is executed (your code). The command
processing functions (and helper functions) that you write must interact with a database
(which is represented as an array of structs) that is provided to you, but must be modified and
read by you in your code.
Input: Your system will read input from a file. The file contains a sequence of commands.
Each command begins with one of four keywords. The remainder of the command depends
upon the keyword.
• Inventory # – This command is used to record a new shipment from the
factory into the store’s inventory. To read this command you must read from the file
the type of item received (Bottles, Diapers, or Rattles) and the number of items in this
shipment. You should then increase the store’s inventory by that amount. For example:
“Inventory Bottles 50” means that 50 bottles should be added to the store’s inventory.
• Purchase # – This command is used to record a purchase by a
customer. Each customer is known by their first name (it’s a very friendly company),
so will be a one-word string for the customer’s name. The
is once again Bottles, Diapers, or Rattles and is used to indicate what type of
item this customer purchased. Finally, the last part of the command is the number of
items purchased. For example, “Purchase Frank Diapers 100” means that the customer
“Frank” has purchased 100 Diapers.
• Summarize – This command requests that a summary be printed of the store’s
• Quit – This command terminates the input.
To get you started, main.cpp includes source code for reading the keyword at the start of each
command and “understanding” the keyword. What main.cpp will do is invoke one of three
functions depending upon what the keyword is.
• processInventory() – This function should read the item type and quantity from the
input file and update the store’s inventory of the indicated item type.
• processPurchase() – This function should read the customer’s name, the item type and
the quantity. The function should look up the customer in the customer database

(creating a new customer record if this is a 1st
-time customer) and increment the
number of items purchased by this customer in their customer record. For example, if
the customer record indicates that “Frank” had previously purchased 10 diapers and the
current command indicates that “Frank” is purchasing 20 diapers, then the customer
record should be set to indicate that 30 diapers have been purchased by Frank. Note
that each customer should have their own customer record (so that Ellie can keep track
of who her best customers are and offer incentives like coupons and things).
• processSummarize() – This command should print out a summary. The summary
should first display the number of Bottles, Rattles, and Diapers remaining in inventory
at the time of the Summarize command. Next, the summary should display how many
different customers have come to the store for purchases. Finally, the summary should
report which customer purchased the most diapers (and how many diapers), who
purchased the most bottles (and how many) and who purchased the most rattles (and
how many). If a certain item has not been purchased by anybody, then the summary
should indicate that.
You are provided with three input files. At the end of each file (after the Quit command) is a
transcript of what the output should be from the Summary command. Please format your
output exactly as shown in the file.
Error Handling: Note of course, that it is not possible to sell someone 50 bottles if there are
only 20 in the inventory. If an error occurs when a purchase is attempted and the amount
exceeds the amount currently in inventory, your processPurchase routine should print an error
message, “Sorry , we only have %d ” (see the test files for the exact format the
error message should take.) In this case, you should not update either the inventory or the
customer record (and you should not add any new customers to the database unless they
actually buy something).
Your Mission: Edit the file Project4.cpp to complete this project. To read from the input file,
you may use two functions readNum and readString. Both of these functions are inside
main.cpp and you should not change these functions in any way. You should only call
readNum when the next parcel of input in the input file is a number (you can always know
what’s coming because the commands are formatted in a specific order). When the next parcel
in the input file is a string (like the customer’s name, or the type of item purchased), use
readString. Be sure to use StringDestroy appropriately to avoid memory leaks.
The Customer struct is defined in Invent.h. You should use this struct to keep track of all the
customers. For this project we’ll assume that there will be a maximum of 1000 customers, so
an array of 1000 Customer structs will be adequate, and most of the elements of the array will
never actually be used. Each time you read a customer’s name, you should search through this
array to find a matching customer. Obviously, if there have only been three customers so far,
you should only search the first three entries in the array to find a match. Use the comparison
function from the String abstract data type (StringIsEqualTo) to check to see if two Strings are
the same. Note: you are required to use the Customer struct as defined in Invent.h AND you
are required to use the String ADT example provided in String.h/String.cpp. PLEASE take a
look at String.h! For this project you will need to call at least StringDestroy and
StringIsEqualTo. The code in main.cpp illustrates how these functions can be used.

Your program must produce exactly the same output as specified in the test files, including
the same punctuation, capitalization, spacing and typographical errors(if any) present in
those files. In addition, your program should produce the correct corresponding output for
any other test file that we might create (with the equivalent formatting, punctuation,
capitalization, typos, etc.).
Testing: We’ve supplied three test files. Please note that all three test files use “Summarize”
as the last command in the file. Please do not assume that Summarize has to be the last
command in a file, or that Summarize can appear only once. Any command can appear any
number of times in any order. You might want to write your own test files (as always). You
can edit the files using any text editor.
The test files provided with this project are VERY weak. They are intended merely to help you
understand what your program is supposed to do (generally speaking). They are not intended
to help you detect errors in your program. Feel free to share test cases and their outputs on
Piazza/Canvas with the whole class. If the only testing you do is with the tests we provide to
you … well, good luck, you’ll need it.
Provided File Description
CRM.pdf This document containing the description.
Invent.h Inventory data structure’s interface.
A String ADT with added functionality.
Project4.cpp The file that you will submit to the graders.
main.cpp Contains main, and starter code to read the input files, parse
their contents, and call the functions that you write in
Sample input files.
Makefile Used for testing on kamek
You must include header.txt at the top of your submission file. Then submit Project4.cpp only.
If Canvas renames your file because of multiple submissions, that’s OK.

Q: Where do I store the data for the inventory?
A: The simplest way is to create a global Customer to keep the numbers in. You should
reinitialize the values to 0 between calls and store data in those values as necessary.
Q: Do we have to optimize the runtime for this lab?
A: As long as it runs in a reasonable amount of time (less than 5 seconds or so), it is not
necessary to do any more optimization.
Q: How do readString and readNum work?
A: They read through the input file similar to how you would read through a char array.
readString returns a char* that points to a character at the beginning of a word and
ended with a null (‘\0’). It saves the current location in the string so that every call will move
to the next word. readNum does something similar, but it does the extra step of converting to
a number for you.
To use them, allocate space for a string or an int on the stack, like this:
String in;
int in2;
and then pass pointers to those variables to the readString or readNum functions.
Just allocating space for a pointer (with some thing like String* in) doesn’t make space
for the actual String anywhere, just a pointer. Therefore we need to make space on the
stack and then pass a pointer to that space into the functions, as shown above.
Q: If two customers are tied for max purchases of an item, which one do we return?
A: Return the first customer added to the list of customers that purchased that number of the
item. For example:
Inventory Bottles 4
Purchase Sue Bottles 1
Purchase Dan Bottles 2
Purchase Sue Bottles 1
This would return Sue for max purchaser of bottles because she was encountered first.

Q: Do we include customers who bought 0 or negative items? What if they can’t complete
their purchase?
A: Do not add customers who bought 0 items to the database (and also disregard customers
who try to buy negative items), and don’t include them towards max purchaser. Do not
print/output anything in these cases.
Q: Printing using printf is causing weird errors.
A: The strings given by readString are not null terminated. Using the string print function
in String.h will print them correctly. Remember that the len field is used to print the
string properly, so if you modify the string inside, make sure to update len. If you don’t, the
string will not print as expected.
Note: Reset will be called right before main returns. This might not matter for your
implementation, but if you allocate some of your data on the heap, it means that you can free
it before returning.
Assume properly formatted input.
CHECKLIST – Did you remember to:
 Re-read the requirements after you finished your program to ensure that you meet all
of them?
 Make sure that your program passes all our testcases?
 Check for memory leaks?
 Make up your own testcases?
 Upload your solution to Canvas?
 Download your uploaded solution into a fresh directory and re-run all testcases on