CSE/EE 474 Lab 3: ADC, UART, DMA, and LCD Display


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1. Familiarity with the TM4C123 analog to digital converters
2. Integrating timers and interrupts into an Analog to Digital Converters (ADC) application
3. Understanding the relationship between the clock speed and power dissipation
4. Configuring a Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) interface
5. Understating DMA transfer modes, channels, triggers
6. Interfacing a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) interface to display information for the system
7. Learning to write driver files
8. Emphasizing the ability to extract information from the datasheet to correctly setup registers
Objective of the lab
For section A, using the user switches to run the system at different clock speeds and mapping speed to the output
of the internal temperature sensor of the TM4C123 LaunchPad. The different temperatures will be represented by
certain color codes to be displayed on the board’s LEDs.
For section B, configuring a UART interface.
For section C, using DMA to transfer data.
For section D, connecting a Liquid Crystal Display (EB-LM4F120-L35) and develop a sketch for it.
What you need for the lab
1. The EK-TM4C123 Launchpad (http://www.ti.com/tool/EK-TM4C123GXL)
2. TM4C123 data sheet (https://canvas.uw.edu/courses/1205180/files/folder/EkTM4C123GXL?preview=49165887)
3. Lecture 7 slides
4. IAR workbench or other IDE
5. ADC (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analog-to-digital_converter)
6. DMA (https://sites.google.com/site/luiselectronicprojects/tutorials/tiva-tutorials/tivadma/understanding-the-tiva-dma)
7. UART (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_asynchronous_receiver-transmitter)
8. LCD (EB-LM4F120-L35)( http://www.kentecdisplay.com/uploads/soft/Products_spec/EB-LM4F120-
Section A. ADC
The ADC Module
The TM4C123GH6PM ADC module features 12-bit conversion resolution and supports 12 input channels plus an
internal temperature sensor. The ADC module uses a Successive Approximation Register (SAR) architecture to
CSE/EE 474 Introduction to Embedded Systems _________________________________________________University of Washington
deliver a 12-bit, low-power, high-precision conversion value. The range of this conversion value is from 0x000 to
0xFFF (0 to 4095). It uses internal signals VREFP and VREFN as references to produce a conversion value from the
selected analog input. VREFP is connected to VDDA and VREFN is connected to GNDA, as shown in Figure 1
Figure 1 ADC voltage (figure 13-8 of the datasheet)
This configuration results in a resolution that can be calculated using the following equation:
mV per ADC code = (VREFP – VREFN) / 4096
Please note that to produce accurate results, the analog input voltages must be within the limits described in table
24-33 p.1389 of the data sheet.
The Internal Temperature Sensor
The built-in internal temperature sensor of the TM4C123 LaunchPad notifies the system when the internal
temperature is too high or low for reliable operation. It converts a temperature measurement into a voltage VTSENS
according to Figure 2
CSE/EE 474 Introduction to Embedded Systems _________________________________________________University of Washington
Figure 2 Internal Temperature Sensor Characteristic (figure 13-11 of the datasheet)
The temperature reading from the temperature sensor is a function of the ADC value. The following formula
calculates temperature (TEMP in ) based on the ADC reading (ADC CODE, given as an unsigned decimal number
from 0 to 4095) and the maximum ADC voltage range (VREFP – VREFN).
TEMP = 147.5 – ((75 * (VREFP – VREFN) × ADC CODE ) / 4096)
where the ADC CODE is the output of the ADC in the ADCSSFIFOn register.
Section A Required Task
Your task is to control the microcontroller’s clock speed from the user switches and find the corresponding
temperature generated by the internal temperature sensor. When switch PF0 is pressed, the system clock should
operate at 4MHz and if the other switch is pressed, the system clock should operate at 80MHz. A timer should
trigger the ADC to read a sample every 1 second and find the corresponding temperature of the CPU. The
temperature obtained will be displayed by the LEDs based on the following temperature scale
Color PF3 PF2 PF1 value Temperature in
Red 001 0-17
Blue 010 17-19
Violet 011 19- 21
Green 100 21-23
Yellow 101 23-2
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Light Blue 110 25-27
White 111 27-40
Your program could be structured to contain the following functions:
1. Timer0_Init function: initialize the timer per instructions are given in lab 2. The GPTMCTL register should
be configured to enable the timer to trigger ADC. Since the clock will not be fixed in this lab, it’s better to
pass the maximum counter value to this function based on the clock used. For example, in lab 2 we set the
counter value to 16,000,000 for a 16MHz clock so we fixed this value in the Timer0 module which is not the
case in this lab.
2. PortF_Init function: initializes the GPIO Port F Pins to accept input from the switches and display output to
the LEDs
3. PLL_Init function: initializes the Phase Lock Loop module of the TM4C123 microcontroller based on the
steps explained in lecture 4 slides.
4. ADC_Init function: configures the ADC module based on the instructions explained in the datasheet and
lecture 7 slides. Note that you may need to insert some delay after the RCGCADC register is configured as
the ADC sometimes requires more than one clock cycle to work especially at high clock rates. Make sure to
configure the appropriate registers to enable interrupts and allow the ADC to be triggered by the timer. You
also need to update the vector table in the cstartup_M.c file accordingly
5. ADC0_Handler: an interrupt service routine for the ADC0 module. You will use sequencer 3 since you only
need one input. In this handler the temperature will be calculated according to the internal temperature
sensor equation and based on the value, the appropriate color should be displayed on the LEDs. Make sure
to clear the ADC flag after each conversion.
6. the main function: calls initialization functions and checks on the switches all the time
Section B. UART

Universal Asynchronous Receiver/ Transmitter (UART) is a commonly used serial interface. You will be communicating
with your board via the board’s built-in UART communication tool in this class. For this to work, you will need a program
on your computer that can serially communicate with the board.
We recommend using a program called PuTTY. Once you have PuTTY installed, we need to set up a communication link
with your Tiva C series board. You will need to make sure that the settings on your board match the communications
settings in PuTTY. To do this, find your Tiva board in Windows Device Manager. Make note of the COM port that your
board is associated with; it should say next to the board. Right-click on
your board and click on properties. Navigate to the “Port Settings” tab. Now, in PuTTY, set the
“Serial Line” field to the COM port you found earlier; for example, mine is currently COM3. Set
the Speed to match your board—the standard is usually 9600. Set the connection type to
“Serial”, since what you will be using, UART, is a serial communication protocol. Verify the rest
of the settings on your board match the PuTTY settings under the “Serial” menu in the lower
left. From here, we are leaving it up to you to figure out how to get the UART link working with your
board. We recommend starting by investing PA0 and PA1. The datasheet has all the information
you need for getting the communication up and going, so use the skills that you’ve gained this
CSE/EE 474 Introduction to Embedded Systems _________________________________________________University of Washington

Section B Required Task Deliverables
We want you to integrate UART communication with section A. Find a way to get your
temperature result to print to the PuTTY console.
For an extra badge, implement a way to send a clock frequency to the board instead of having
to press the buttons to change it.
Section C: DMA
Direct Memory Access (DMA) allows peripherals to access the memory without accessing through the processor.
Commonly, you need to save all data into the memory for later usage. Alternatively, we could use DMA to access the
data while the processor works on other operations. Please read this post
(https://sites.google.com/site/luiselectronicprojects/tutorials/tiva-tutorials/tiva-dma/understanding-the-tivadma) for more details.
Please download and run DMATimerPortRead_4C123.zip from the Canvas
Section C Task
Modify the code and blink the three LEDs (one yellow, one green, and one red) in the kits every one second.
Section D: LCD
In this section, we use EK-TM4C123GXL to drive a touchscreen LCD (EB-LM4F120-L35). This 3.5’’ LCD uses 8-bit
parallel interface to communicate with the TIVA.
To get started, plugging the LCD onto the top of the TIVA as the figure 3 shows. The datasheet of EB-LM4F120-L35
can be found here (http://www.kentecdisplay.com/uploads/soft/Products_spec/EB-LM4F120-
L35_UserGuide_04.pdf). We do not need any jumper wires for the hardware setup.
Figure 3 Connecting LCD with TIVA
CSE/EE 474 Introduction to Embedded Systems _________________________________________________University of Washington
Write LCD driver
Download and run the starter files from https://canvas.uw.edu/courses/1205180/files/folder/labs, the file name
is lab3_starter.
// Runs on LM4F120/TM4C123
// Driver for the SSD2119 interface on a Kentec 320x240x16 BoosterPack
// – Uses all 8 bits on PortB for writing data to LCD
// and bits 4-7 on Port A for control signals
// Data pin assignments:
// PB0-7 LCD parallel data input
// Control pin assignments:
// PA4 RD Read control signal ————————-
// PA5 WR Write control signal | PA7 | PA6 | PA5 | PA4 |
// PA6 RS Register/Data select signal | CS | RS | WR | RD |
// PA7 CS Chip select signal ————————-
// Touchpad pin assignments:
// PA2 Y- ————- ————-
// PA3 X- | PA3 | PA2 | | PE5 | PE4 |
// PE4 X+ AIN9 | X- | Y- | | Y+ | X+ |
// PE5 Y+ AIN8 ————- ————-

Section D Task
1) Filled the functions (that marked as TODO) in header file SSD2119.c , see comments for details.
• Dimensions of the LCD in pixels
• LCD_WriteCommand
• Touch_Init
2) Display the temperature data from section A on the LCD, which is the same information that displayed
using URAT in section B.
CSE/EE 474 Introduction to Embedded Systems _________________________________________________University of Washington
3) Draw a cube in the center of the screen, the length, width, and depth of the cube are all 0.6 inches. Let the
cube rotate, and use the touchscreen to start and stop the rotation of the cube. Print the coordinates of the
touch point on the LCD.
4) Draw the same cube in the center of the screen as the sub-task 1. The length, will , and depth of the cube are
all 0.6 inches. We fill the cube with the color white. Let the cube rotate. For this sub-task, whenever the
touchscreen is pressed, the fill color will change once. You can use any colors for each press, but the colors
need to change for each press. Print the RGB color code on the screen.
5) FSM
i) Recall the traffic light controller in lab 2. Replace the physical al push buttons with two virtual buttons
that displayed on the LCD. Let’s call the start/stop button as virtual button 1, and the button for the
passenger as virtual button 2 for the following sections. You can display the button either vertically or
horizontally. When a virtual button is pressed, the system will respond only if the user holds down the
button (on the LCD) at least 2 seconds.
ii) If the user presses the virtual button 1 (start/stop button, hold for 2 seconds), but not the virtual
button 2 (passenger button), the system will start with the stop stage (where the red LED is on, and
other LEDs are off). After 5 seconds, the system will move to go stage. Then wait for another 5 seconds
to change from go stage to stop stage. In other words, the go and stop stage will last for 5 seconds and
switch to each other.
iii) If the user presses the virtual button 2 (passenger button, hold for 2 seconds) to indicate a passenger
tries to across the street, the system will stop the current stage and move the warn stage immediately.
The warn stage will last 5 seconds, and move to stop stage.
1. A lab report along
2. Demonstration of the circuit to your TA
3. Upload the report and source files for both sections to the canvas. One submission is expected per team.