Write a templated non-member function named remove_matching_elements that takes in two arguments, a
vector of type Vec and an element of type T, and returns a value of type size_type (which is pre-defined
as an unsigned integer), indicating the number of elements that matched the argument and were successfully
removed from the vector. The order of the other elements should stay the same. For example, if v, a Vec
object contains 6 elements: 11 22 33 11 55 22 and you call remove_matching_elements(v,11), that call
should return 2, and v should now contain: 22 33 55 22.
Add several test cases to test_vec.cpp to show that the function works as expected. What is the order
notation of your solution in terms of n the size of the vector, and e the number of occurences of the input
element in the vector?
To complete this checkpoint, show a TA your debugged solution for remove_matching_elements and
be prepared to discuss the order notation of the function.
Add a print member function to Vec to aid in debugging. (Note, neither remove_matching_elements nor
print are not part of the STL standard for vector). You should print the current information stored in the
variables m_alloc, m_size, and m_data. Use the print function to confirm your remove_matching_elements
function is debugged. Also, write a test case that calls push_back many, many times (hint, use a for loop!)
and observe how infrequently re-allocation of the m_data array is necessary.
To verify your code does not contain memory errors or memory leaks, use Valgrind and/or Dr. Memory on
your local machine – see instructions on the course webpage: Memory Debugging. Also, submit your code
to the homework server (in the practice space for lab 5), which is configured to run the memory debuggers
for this exercise. To verify that you understand the output from Valgrind and/or Dr. Memory, temporarily
add a simple bug into your implementation to cause a memory error or memory leak.
To complete this checkpoint, show a TA your tested & debugged program both on your local machine
and the homework server. Be prepared to discuss the Valgrind and/or Dr. Memory output (with and without
memory errors and memory leaks).