This project is to use Oracle’s PL/SQL and JDBC to create an application to support typical student
registration tasks at a university. Due to the time constraint, only a subset of the database tables and a subset
of the needed functionalities will be implemented in this project.
In this project, the following tables from the Student Registration System will be used:
Students(sid, firstname, lastname, status, gpa, email)
Courses(dept_code, course_no, title)
Prerequisites(dept_code, course_no, pre_dept_code, pre_course_no)
Classes(classid, dept_code, course_no, sect_no, year, semester, limit, class_size)
Enrollments(sid, classid, lgrade)
In addition, the following table is also required for this project:
Logs(logid, who, time, table_name, operation, key_value)
Each tuple in the logs table describes who (the login name of a database user) has performed what operation
(insert, delete, update) on which table (give the table name) and which tuple (as indicated by the value of the
primary key of the tuple) at what time. Attribute logid is the primary key of the table.
Carefully read proj2data2018.sql provided under the Project 2 folder on Blackboard to understand the
schema, and execute it in your Oracle account to create the tables and insert the data to the tables (populate
To run it in your Oracle account, do:
SQL> start proj2data2018
2. PL/SQL Implementation (50 points)
You need to create a PL/SQL package as well as other Oracle objects (sequences, triggers, etc.) outside the
package to support the application. The following requirements and functionalities need to be implemented.
1. (2 points) Use a sequence to generate the values for logid automatically when new log records are
inserted into the logs table. All logid values should have 3 digits.
2. (3 points) Write procedures in your package to display the tuples in each of the six tables: students,
courses, prerequisites, classes, enrollments, logs. As an example, you can write a procedure, say
show_students, to display all students in the students table.
3. (2 points) Write a procedure in your package to add students into the students table. The information
of the student to be inserted is provided as parameters to your procedure.
4. (3 points) Write a procedure in your package that, for a given student (with sid provided as a
parameter), can list the sid, lastname, and status of the student as well as all classes the student has
taken or is taking. For each class, show classid, dept_code, course_no, title, year, and semester.
(dept_code and course_no should be displayed together, e.g., CS532.) If the student is not in the
students table, report “The sid is invalid.” If the student has not taken any course, report “The
student has not taken any course.”
5. (3 points) Write a procedure in your package that, for a given course (with dept_code and course_no
as parameters), returns all its prerequisite courses (show dept_code and course_no together as in
CS532), including both direct and indirect prerequisite courses.
If course C1 has course C2 as a
prerequisite, C2 is a direct prerequisite. In addition, if C2 has course C3 has a prerequisite, then C3
is an indirect prerequisite for C1. Please also note that indirect prerequisites can be more than two
6. (3 points) Write a procedure in your package that, for a given class (with classid provided as a
parameter), lists the classid, course title, semester and year of the class as well as all the students
(show sid and lastname) who have taken or are taking the class. If the class is not in the classes
table, report “The cid is invalid.” If no student has taken or is taking the class, report “No student is
enrolled in the class.”
7. (12 points) Write a procedure in your package to enroll a student into a class. The sid of the student
and the classid of the class are provided as parameters. If the student is not in the students table,
report “The sid is invalid.” If the class is not in the classes table, report “The classid is invalid.” If
the enrollment of the student into a class would cause “class_size > limit”, reject the enrollment and
report “The class is closed.”
If the student is already in the class, report “The student is already in
the class.” If the student is already enrolled in two other classes in the same semester and the same
year, report “You are overloaded.” and allow the student to be enrolled. If the student is already
enrolled in three other classes in the same semester and the same year, report “Students cannot be
enrolled in more than three classes in the same semester.” and reject the enrollment.
If the student
has not completed the required prerequisite courses with minimum grade “C”, reject the enrollment
and report “Prerequisite courses have not been completed.” For all the other cases, the requested
enrollment should be performed. You should make sure that all data are consistent after each
For example, after you successfully enrolled a student into a class, the size of the
corresponding class should be updated accordingly. Use trigger(s) to implement the updates of
values caused by successfully enrolling a student into a class. It is recommended that all triggers for
this project be implemented outside of the package.
8. (9 points) Write a procedure in your package to drop a student from a class (i.e., delete a tuple from
the enrollments table). The sid of the student and the classid of the class are provided as parameters.
If the student is not in the students table, report “The sid is invalid.” If the classid is not in the
classes table, report “The classid is invalid.”
If the student is not enrolled in the class, report “The
student is not enrolled in the class.” If dropping the student from the class would cause a violation of
the prerequisite requirement for another class, then reject the drop attempt and report “The drop is
not permitted because another class uses it as a prerequisite.” In all the other cases, the student
should be dropped from the class.
If the class is the last class for the student, report “This student is
not enrolled in any classes.” If the student is the last student in the class, report “The class now has
no students.” Again, you should make sure that all data are consistent after the drop and all updates
caused by the drop should be implemented using trigger(s).
9. (5 points) Write a procedure in your package to delete a student from the students table based on a
given sid (as a parameter). If the student is not in the students table, report “The sid is invalid.”
When a student is deleted, all tuples in the enrollments table involving the student should also be
deleted (use a trigger to implement this) and this will trigger a number of actions as described in #7.
10. (8 points) Write triggers to add tuples to the logs table automatically whenever a student is added to
or deleted from the students table, or when a student is successfully enrolled into or dropped from a
class (i.e., when a tuple is inserted into or deleted from the enrollments table).
3. Interface (35 points)
Implement an interactive and menu-driven interface in the bingsuns environment using Java and JDBC (see
sample programs in the project 2 folder on blackboard).
More details are given below:
1. The basic requirement for the interface is a text-based menu-driven interface. You first display menu
options for a user to select (e.g., 1 for displaying a table, 2 for enrolling a student into a class, …).
An option may have sub-options depending on your need.
Once a final option is selected, the
interface may prompt the user to enter parameter values. As an example, for enrolling a student into
a class, the parameter values include sid and classid. Then an operation corresponding to the
selected option will be performed with appropriate message displayed. A nice GUI or Web
interface will receive 5 bonus points.
2. Your interface program should utilize as many of your PL/SQL code as possible. Some of the
procedures may need to be rewritten in order for them to be used in your Java/JDBC program. In
particular, to pass retrieved results from a PL/SQL block (e.g., show_students) to the Java/JDBC
program, the block needs to be implemented as a ref cursor function (see the third sample program
for an example).
3. Note that messages that are printed by the dbms_output package in your PL/SQL package or triggers
will not be displayed on your monitor screen when you run your Java/JDBC application. You may
need to regenerate these messages in your Java program.
4. Documentation (15 points)
Documentation consists of the following aspects:
1. Design document. Each procedure and function and every other object you create for your project
needs to be explained clearly regarding its objective and usage. Relationships among different
objects (including procedures and functions) need to be made clear (a diagram can be used). You
can also discuss your methodology (your approach, design, etc).
2. Your code needs to be well documented with adequate in-line comments.
5. Hand-ins and Demo and Grading
1. You need to hand in a hardcopy of your entire code together with your documentation for the
project. Only one copy for each team is needed.
2. All teams are required to demonstrate your project to the instructor/TA using tuples created by the
3. The grading will be based on the quality of your code, the documentation and on how successful
your demo is.