CS2336 Assignment 5 Binary Search Tree (or arbiny arches teer)


Category: You will Instantly receive a download link for .zip solution file upon Payment


5/5 - (4 votes)

You will need to use C++11 support for this exercise. For Eclipse and other GCC based compilers you will
need to use the –std=c++11 or –std=c++0x compiler option. This is not needed if you are using
Visual Studio since it does not distinguish between the various versions of C++.
This assignment is worth 100 points. There is an optional part that is worth an extra 20 points. So, the
maximum you can get for this project is 120 out of 100 points.
You will be creating a program that allows you to quickly solve Jumble or Scram-lets types of puzzles. To
do this be using a binary search tree you will be creating. Your application will read in a list of words
(over 35,000). You will sort the letters of each word to create a key. You will then add the key (and the
word) to the tree (as one item called Word).
The word you read in from the file is the word “Binary”. You need to create a key from this. The key will
be the word folded to lower case and ordered by its letters. So the word “Binary” first gets folded to
lower case (binary) and then ordered by letter order – “abinry”. The key is “abinry” and the word is
“Binary”. You need to create a class for this item (I will call it Word). The Word contains both the key
(“abinry”) and the word text (“Binary”). This is added to the binary search tree in key order.
Once the dictionary of look up words has been build your application will prompt for a jumbed word.
You will fold the jumbled word to lower case and sort the letters in the word. This will be what you look
up in your dictionary of lookup words. If it is found you get the word text and that is your word
You type in Arbiny. This is folded to lower case (arbiny) and sorted (abinry). You look up the key abinry
and it finds the word text Binary. So arbiny maps to Binary.
BinarySearchTree and TreeNode classes
First you need to create and test the BinarySearchTree class. The BinarySearchTree will contain
TreeNode objects. These are both template classes.
CS2336.002 Assignment 5 2
These will be a template classes:
class TreeNode
class BinarySearchTree
If you want to make BinarySearchTree a friend class of the TreeNode you will need a forward
declaration of the BinarySearchTree. So your header file may look similar to the following:
// forward declaration of the template class BinarySearchTree
class BinarySearchTree;
// TreeNode class
class TreeNode
friend class BinarySearchTree;
// the rest of the TreeNode classs declaration goes here
// BinarySearchTree class
class BinarySearchTree
// Your BinarySearchTree goes here
The BinarySearchTree class needs to implement the following member functions:
bool empty() const
The empty member function will return true if the binary tree is empty.
std::size_t size() const
Returns the number of items in the binary tree.
void print() const;
Display the contents of the binary tree in order by key (inorder traversal). Whatever is being stored in
the binary tree will have to have overload the operator<< operator.
CS2336.002 Assignment 5 3
void debug(std::ostream &out) const;
Display the contents of the binary tree for debugging purposes. Use whatever traversal algorithm makes
sense to you. Make sure you output the left and right pointers from the TreeNode. Do this for all nodes
in the binary tree. Note, this could be a lot of output for a binary tree that has hundreds or thousands of
entries. You may want to output this to a file (that is, you may want to pass an std::ofstream to the
debug member function). Since std::ostream is a parent to std::ofstream you can do this and you should
not change the signature of the debug member function. See the debug code provided with assignment3 for help in writing this debug member function.
bool find(const DataType &searchItem,
void (*foundNode)(const DataType&));
The first parameter passed to the find member function is the item we are looking for. The second
parameter is the address of a function that will be called if the searchItem is found in the binary tree
collection. The found item is passed to the function. If the item is found, the function is called, and the
find member function will return true. If the item is not found, the function is not called, and find
returns false.
Here is an example that uses the find member function:
// prototype
void processFound(const std::string &item);

// declaration of binary tree
BinarySearchTree tree;

bool result = tree.find(“555-122-3333”, &processFound);
// result will be true if item “555-122-3333” was found and
// the processFound function was called.
Note that the function you pass to find is either a stand-along function (such as processFound above) or
a static member function in a class. It cannot be a regular member function, it has to be a static member
bool erase(const DataType &deleteItem);
The erase member function will remove the specified item from the binary tree (if it finds the entry in
the tree) The erase member function will return true if the item was found and removed and false if it
was not found.
CS2336.002 Assignment 5 4
void insert(const DataType &newItem);
Insert the item into the binary tree. If the entry already exists it should be replaced by the new one.
void insert(const DataType &newItem,
void (*duplicateItemFound)(DataType &existingItem,
const DataType &newItem));
Insert the item into the binary tree. If the item already exists the duplicateItemFound function will be
called. This is the function passed as the 2nd parameter to the insert function. Note this must either be a
stand-alone function or a static member function. The signature of the function is as follows (the
function name can be different):
void update(DataType &exsitingItem, const DataType &newItem);
Your update function will get a modifiable version of the found item (existingItem) and a const
reference to the new item. You can update the existingItem as needed in the update function.
Here is an example using the update function above:
// declaration of binary tree
BinarySearchTree tree;

tree.insert(“555-122-3333”, &update);
The update function is called if item “555-122-3333” already exists in the tree.
void traverse(void (*itemFound)(const DataType& foundItem)) const;
The traverse function will do an inorder traversal of the binary tree. For every item found it will call the
itemFound function and pass it a const reference to the found item.
Constructors and destructor
You will need a default constructor, a copy constructor, and a destructor.
The copy constructor needs to make a deep copy of the tree. You should be able to use other member
functions to do most of the work for you.
Make sure your destructor removes any remaining items from the tree.
CS2336.002 Assignment 5 5
Other information
You can add other member functions as needed. Make sure you free up any memory you allocate.
You should write stubs for all of the functions as you are creating the classes and then incrementally
implement the member functions for the TreeNode and BinarySearchTree classes. By doing this
incremental development you will have a better idea which function is failing (because it is probably the
code you just wrote). Also, make sure you test and fix a member function before you go onto the next
one. Also, look for opportunities to reuse code you already have in the class to implement other
member functions.
Use good formatting in your programs. Use meaningful variable names and comment your code.
You can inline trivial member functions in the TreeNode and BinarySearchTree classes (trivial being 1 or
2 lines of code).
You must implement all of the member functions shown here. You can implement additional private,
and protected member functions if you need them.
Create a header file named BinarySearchTree.h that contains your BinarySearchTree and TreeNode
class definitions and any implementation code needed. Include the required header file including any
guards needed.
Please write a driver function (main) to test your BinarySearchTree class. In the next part you will be
creating an application that uses the BinarySearchTree and TreeNode classes.
Word Unscrambling Program
Now that you have a working BinarySearchTree class you need to create your word unscrambling
program. The way this program will work is as follows:
You will be reading a file, “english_words.txt”, that contains a number of words (over 35,000 words).
You will read in a word and make a copy of it. The copy of the word needs to be folded into lower case
(see the std::tolower function in header file cctype. This will take one character and convert it to lower
case. You will need to do this for every character in the copy of the word you read in. After you have
folded the copy of the word to lower case you need to sort the characters in the string in character
order. So if the word is “Help” you will make a copy of this word (call it key) and fold it to lower case
giving you “help”. Now you sort the characters and you end up with “ehlp”. Now you have a key, “ehlp”
and the original word “Help”.
You need to create a class to contain both of these values. You will add an instance of this class to your
CS2336.002 Assignment 5 6
For our discussion assume we call this class Word. The constructor for the Word class will take the word
passed to it and determine the key for that word. The resulting Word object will contain both the key
and the original value for the word.
Assume we can create a Word as follows:
Word newWord(“Help”);
The Word newWord will have a key of ehlp and a value of Help.
We can insert the Word item into our binary tree. Assume the tree is defined as follows:
BinarySearchTree dictionary;
We can add the word with:
For insert to work properly you will have to have your Word class override operator== and operator<
(at the very least). If your BinarySearchTree class uses comparison operators in addition to these you
will need to implement them as well.
For the print and debug member functions in your BinarySearchTree class you work you will also need
to implement:
std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream &out, const Word &outputWord)
When working with a std::string you can access and update individual characters using either the at()
member function or the subscript operator. Here is an example:
std::string text(“Hello”);
text[0]= ‘h’;
std::cout << text << std::endl; will output hello Also, the algorithms header file has a function called std::sort. This required two iterators to sort a collection of values. CS2336.002 Assignment 5 7 The std::string class is a type of collection. You can get an interator to the first character in the std::string by calling the begin() member function. You get the end of the string with the end() member function. Note that end() does not give you the last character in the std::string but an indication that you are beyond the end of the string. These two member functions are exactly what you want for the std::sort function. So you can sort the characters in a std::string as follows: std::string myText(“dallas”); std::sort(myText.begin(), myText.end()); std::cout >> myText >> std::endl;
will output
You will need processing similar to the above in your Word class. You can create the class with a
different name if desired.
Once you have read in all of the words, created your Word objects and added them to your
BinarySearchTree you need to do the main processing for the application.
You need to read in scrambled words and see if they are in your binary tree.
You need to read in the scrambled word and sort the characters of the word into order by characters
(you are creating the key for the scrambled word). If that key exists in your tree you now know the word
that that key maps to and you have unscrambled the word.
Assume the word “Help” is in the tree with a key of “ehlp”.
Your program asks for a scrambled word and the user types in:
Your program should fold this to lower case and sort the letters. The resulting key is “ehlp”. When you
look for this in your binary search tree it will be found and the resulting word will be “Help”. You have
unscrambled “Pelh” into “Help”.
Doing all of the above is worth 100 points
Optional (20 extra points):
But, what about duplicate words? The scrambled word sdie could map to side, dies, ides and desi. All of
these are in the input file. Which one should you keep? The default behavior of insert is to replace the
CS2336.002 Assignment 5 8
existing entry with a new entry. So, by default, the last one of these 4 words that are in the input text
file would be word that is found.
You can also update your Word class (or whatever you called it) to support multiple words for one key.
You could then use the 2nd version of the insert to have it call a function you write. You could them
update the found entry and add any new words to it.
You would do this by changing your word class to use an array or a std::vector to allow more than one
word to be mapped to a key.
Add support to your Word class to allow multiple words to be associated with one key. This will allow
you to display multiple solutions.
Here is some sample output:
Enter a word to unscramble: sdie[Enter]
The scrambled word sdie maps to words: side dies ides desi
There are some sample scrambled words you can try out. These are in file “scambled_words.txt”.
Submitting your work
Submit all of your header and source files to eLearning to get credit for this project. If you do the
optional part you need to submit the original files in one submission to eLearning and the optional
version in a second submission to eLearning.
Let me know if you have any questions.