CPSC 350: Data Structures and Algorithms Programming Assignment 5: The GOAT

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The Assignment
In this assignment, you will push your C++ skills to the limit by implementing a simple database
system using a special type of binary search tree. Though the final product will be a far cry from
an Oracle or MySQL system, your DB will allow the user to insert, delete, and query data.
The DB itself will contain data that would be commonly found in a university’s computer system.
In our case, this information consists of student and faculty records. The information for each
will be stored in its own tree (or “table” in DB terminology).
Though we will provide you with a general outline of the program, many of the implementation
details will be up to you. In the same spirit, we will give you a point in the right direction as far
as some of the C++ techniques go, but it will also be your responsibility to research the
techniques in more detail if you have not utilized them before (e.g. operator overloading).
Scapegoat Trees
For our database table implementation we will use a version of BSTs called Scapegoat Trees,
which behave similarly to classic BSTs, except when things get too imbalanced, parts of the tree
are totally rebuilt. You should start by learning about Scapegoat Trees here:
https://www.cs.umd.edu/class/fall2020/cmsc420-0201/Lects/lect12-scapegoat.pdf
Your first job will be to build a Scapegoat Tree implementation supporting the usual operations
(including delete) that we specified in our BST implementation from class. Your class must be
named ScapegoatST, and must have the same methods and signatures as our in-class BST
implementation. This should not be difficult in and of itself as you can start with the BST code
posted on Canvas. Be sure to keep with the templated implementation we did and cover any
missing error conditions.
You should test your Scapegoat Tree implementation thoroughly before moving on to other parts
of the assignment.
The Database Tables
Your database system will consist of two tables, Student and Faculty, which contain the
following types of records, respectively:
Student Records
Student records will be stored in a Student class. Student records contain a unique student ID
(an integer), a string name field, a string level field (Freshman, Sophomore, etc.), a string major
field, a double GPA field, and an integer advisor field, which will contain the Faculty ID of their
advisor. These are the only fields the class contains.
The Student class must overload equality, less than, greater than operators, etc. so that we can
compare them to one another.
Faculty Records
Faculty records are similar to student records and will be stored in a Faculty class. This class
will also require overloaded operators.
Faculty records contain an integer Faculty ID, a string name, a string level (lecturer, assistant
prof, associate prof, etc.), a string department, and a list of integers corresponding to all of the
faculty member’s advisees’ ids. These are the only fields the class contains.
The Database System
Your program will keep references to both the faculty and student tables in memory. These
references are simply ScapegoatST instances.
Once the tables have been created, a menu should be presented to the user to allow them to
manipulate the database. The choices should include:
1. Print all students and their information (sorted by ascending id #)
2. Print all faculty and their information (sorted by ascending id #)
3. Find and display student information given the students id
4. Find and display faculty information given the faculty id
5. Add a new student
6. Delete a student given the id
7. Add a new faculty member
8. Delete a faculty member given the id.
9. Change a student’s advisor given the student id and the new faculty id.
10. Remove an advisee from a faculty member given the ids
11. Exit
When a command is selected, you should prompt the user for the required data, and execute
the command. If there are any errors, you should inform the user describing what the error is
and abort the command.
All of the above commands should enforce referential integrity. That is to say, a student can not
have an advisor that is not in the faculty table. A faculty member can’t have an advisee not in
the student table. If a faculty member is deleted, then their advisees must have their advisors
changed, etc. Your commands will be responsible for maintaining referential integrity. If a user
issues a command that would break referential integrity, you should warn them and abort the
command, or execute the command and fix any violations as appropriate.
After each command is executed, the menu should be displayed again, and the user allowed to
continue.
If the user selects the Exit option, prior to quitting your program should create a file, named
runLog.txt, which contains the information of both tables at the time the program was
terminated. (This is the information from option 1 and option 2, just printed to the file instead of
the terminal).
The Design
At this point you should realize this is a non-trivial assignment. To successfully complete it, you
need to make use of your best OO design and programming skills. Think modularly, sketch out
a solution before you start coding, and START EARLY.
Rules of Engagement
● You may not use any data structures from the C++ STL or other third-party libraries. Of
course, to do the file processing you may use any of the standard C++ IO classes.
● For this assignment, you may work in groups of AT MOST 2 students.
● Develop using VSCode and make sure your code runs correctly with g++ using the
course docker container.
● Feel free to use whatever textbooks or Internet sites you want to refresh your memory
with C++ IO operations, just cite them in a README file turned in with your code. All
code you write, of course, must be your own. In your README please be sure to include
the g++ command for compiling your code.
Due Date
This assignment is due at 11:59 pm on 11-17-2022. Submit all your commented code as a zip
file to canvas. The name of the zip file should be LastName_FirstInitial_A5.zip
Grading
Grades will be based on correctness, adherence to the guidelines, and code quality (including
the presence of meaningful comments). An elegant, OO solution will receive much more credit
than procedural spaghetti code. I assume you are familiar with the standard style guide for
C++, which you should follow. (See the course page on Canvas for a C++ style guide and
Coding Documentation Requirements.)
Code that does not follow the specification EXACTLY will receive an automatic 25% deduction.
Code that does not compile will receive an automatic 50% deduction.