COMP-273 Assignment 1


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1 Number Representation (15 marks)

Complete the table below. You must show your work to get full credit for an answer.

Decimal Binary Hexadecimal
-243 give 16-bit signed representation
728 give 16-bit signed representation
1101.0111 (unsigned)
11011100 (unsigned)

2 Floating Point Number Representation (15 marks)

1. Represent -76.678595 as an IEEE single precision floating point number (binary and

2. Represent 19.459931 as an IEEE single precision floating point number(binary and

3. Add the signed binary fixed point versions of the above two floating numbers using
binary arithmetic and report your answer, showing your working.

You must show your work to get full credit.

3 Boolean Algebra (10 marks)

Assume that F is a Boolean function, as defined below, and all the other Boolean variables
are inputs. Derive and give:

i. The truth table,
ii. A sum of products expression for F that is minimized.
iii. A product of sums expression that F is minimized. By “minimized” we mean an
expression that cannot be further simplified while retaining its form (sum of products
or product of sums).
(a) F(A, B, C, D) = (A + B · D) · (C · B · A + C · D)
(b) F(W, X, Y, Z) = (W + X)(ZY + X)

4 Circuit Design (60 marks)

4.1 Universal Gates (10 marks)

A NAND gate or a NOR gate is a universal logic gate, because it can be used to construct
all other logic gates. What is the minimum number of two input NAND gates required to
implement the following Boolean expression F(X, Y, Z, W) = (X + Y ) · (Z + W), where
X, Y, Z and W are inputs? Explain your reasoning. One you have figured out the minimum
number of required NAND gates, draw the circuit in Logisim using only NAND gates and
test it. The TAs should be able to change the logical values of the inputs while obtaining
the correct output.

4.2 Parity Counter (30 marks)

You are asked to design a 4-to-3 parity counter. Such a circuit has 4 input bits, A, B, C, D
and 3 output bits F2, F1, F0. The value that the circuit outputs is the number of its input
bits that are set to 1.

For example if the input is 1010, then the circuit will output 010
(which is the binary representation of 2 as the unsigned 3-digit binary number F2F1F0).
Similarly, if the input is 1111, then the output will be 100. Consider F2 as the highest order
bit of the result and F0 as the lowest order bit.

i. Construct the truth table for this circuit.

ii. Write down the Boolean expressions for each of the three outputs in sum of products
form. Now, simplify each expression using the laws of Boolean algebra to derive
minimized sum-of-products forms.

iii. Design this circuit in Logisim and test it. The TAs should be able to change the
logical values of the inputs while obtaining the correct output.

4.3 Full-adders and half-adders (20 marks)

What is the minimum number of full-adders and half-adders that are needed to count the
total number of ones in an unsigned 7-bit binary number A6A5A4A3A2A1A0? You are
allowed to use only full-adders and half-adders in your solution. You must show your work
to get full credit.

Draw the corresponding circuit diagram in Logisim and test it. For this
you are allowed to use the built in “adder” module in logism-evolution, i.e., you don’t have
to first build an adder from simpler gates.


Everything should be handed in electronically on mycourses. Each student is to submit his
or her own unique solution to these questions.

i. The circuit diagrams must be in LOGISIM while text can be in PDF, RTF or TXT
file formats. Zip all the files if your submission has more than 1 file.
ii. The Logisim circuits must run under logism-evolution, to be graded.
iii. Zip your answer-folder, rename it with your student ID number. For example,
iv. Submit this single compressed file on myCourses under Assignment 1.
v. Make sure that you submit a single file (the zipped file), not many files.
vi. Make sure that the file is in your assignment folder following your intended upload.

In other words, make sure what is present in your assignment folder it was what you
intended us to grade. Unfortunately, if it is not there or it is corrupted, you cannot
submit a corrected one after the deadline.